By the year 1958, a consi-derable number of people had become concerned about anti-nuclear issues, both in Britain and around the world. Founded by a committee that included Canon John Collins as chairman, Bertrand Russell as president and
Peggy Duff as organizing secretary, the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) was the first organized movement – and Europe’s largest peace organization – to ban the bomb.
The CND called for Britain to unilaterally renounce nuclear weapons, appealing to the morality of both politicians and the public. The group organized letter-writing campaigns, lobbied MPs, and campaigned for candidates advocating for anti-nuclear policies.
Between 1958 and 1965 it organized the key Aldermaston March, held over Easter weekend, departing from the Atomic Weapons Establishment near Aldermaston and walking to Trafalgar Square, London. In the 1980s, public concern about the threat of nuclear weapons increased, and the movement underwent a major resurgence driven by rising concern about the Cold War.